Caroline Nixon
First Name: Caroline
Surname: Nixon
Position: Lecturer
Telephone: +44 (0)1224 263965

Duties and Responsibilities

Caroline joined Robert Gordon University’s Law School in 2012. She teaches and co-ordinates two modules on the post-graduate Oil, Gas and Renewable Energy Law LLM, namely, Environmental Aspects of Oil and Gas Law and Renewable Energy Issues. She designed and wrote an undergraduate module on Environmental Law. This module has now been running for six years for 3rd and 4th year students on the Law degree and Law and Management degree. Caroline also tutors in Human Rights and Property Rights and Land.

Academic Background

Caroline is a graduate of Glasgow University (LLB Hons), the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (LLM) and Edinburgh University (Diploma in Legal Practice). She developed a specialism in environmental law whilst working in an environmental law and policy consultancy in Brussels.  On returning to Scotland, Caroline worked in private practice on environmental law and planning matters.

Research Interests

Caroline’s areas of research interest are EU environmental law, environmental regulation of the energy industry and renewable energy issues, particularly the consenting processes for renewable energy. Research Supervision - Caroline currently supervises a PhD postgraduate research student on social licensing in relation to hydraulic fracturing for shale gas projects. 

PhD Supervision

She is interested in supervising on all areas within her research interests, but particularly interested in applications in the following topic areas:

  • UK and EU environmental law and policy (water, waste, air quality, nature, EIA/SEA, contaminated land)
  • Issues relating to the enforcement of environmental law
  • The regulation of renewable energy, especially the consenting of off-shore renewables

Caroline is currently principal supervisor for the following doctoral research student – Andrew Jones.


Caroline participated in the RGU team working on the RiCORE project – Risk Based Consenting to Offshore Renewables - from January 2015 to June 2016.  This project was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.  View further information.

Professional Memberships

Caroline is a qualified (non-practising) solicitor in Scotland. 

She is an Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Authority. 


Refereed articles:

BROADBENT, I.D. and NIXON, C.L.B. [2019]. Refusal of planning consent for the Docking Shoal offshore wind farm: Stakeholder perspectives and lessons learned. Marine policy [online]

Miscellaneous Publications:

O'HAGAN, A.M., NIXON, C. and MASCARENHAS, P. [2015]. Report from the Workshop on Marine Renewable Energy Licensing and Regulatory Systems. Deliverable 2.1 RICORE Project

Researched and contributed to:

MILIEU LTD. [2011] Review of Regulatory and Institutional Frameworks on Carbon Capture and Storage in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Serbia.  Background paper for the World Bank report Carbon Capture and Storage in Developing Countries: A Perspective on Barriers to Deployment, 2011.

MILIEU LTD. [2004] Assessment of the Effectiveness of European Air Quality Policies and Measures. Final Report on Task 3.4: Transparency and Public Participation.  Assessment of the effectiveness of European air quality policies and measures Project.

MILIEU LTD. [2003] The Enlargement Process of the EU: Consequences in the Field of Environment.  Study for the European Parliament Environment Series. ENVI 106 EN.