Title: Professor
First Name: Justin
Surname: Greenwood
Position: Emeritus Professor of European Public Policy
Telephone: +44 (0)1224 263406

Duties and Responsibilities

Justin Greenwood is Emeritus Professor of European Public Policy, and is a visiting Professor at the College of Europe.

PhD supervision
12 PhD students supervised through to completion.

I welcome PhD applications in the fields of EU interest representation, and EU inter-institutional decision making.

Research Interests

His career-long research specialism is EU interest representation (see publications section).   He recently held an ESRC (UK Economic & Social Research Council) grant on ‘Democratic Legitimacy in the EU: Inside the ‘Black Box’ of Informal Trilogues’ (see funding section).

View a presentation of his work.


Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), 2016-2019. £290159 Grant no: ES/NO18761/1: Democratic Legitimacy in the EU: Inside the 'Black Box of Informal Trilogues': A series of collaborative research projects under the 'Open Research Area' scheme (funded separately by the national research councils of: Germany - PI Ariadna Ripoll Servent University of Bamberg; the Netherlands - PI Gijs Jan Brandsma & CI Sebastiaan Princen, Utrecht University; and the UK), seek to open up the ‘black box’ of these informal negotiations and examine what impact public debates have on these negotiations, and how the EU institutions use these debates to negotiate their respective positions. The ESRC grant will be held by the Robert Gordon University (Principal Investigator - PI: Justin Greenwood: co-investigator - CI, Christilla Roederer-Rynning, University of Southern Denmark).

Previous research and consultancy income from the European Commission, the UK Economic and Social Research Council, the British Academy, and the Carnegie Foundation. He co-hosted a Conference Series on EU trade associations with 6 large events between 2000-6, with speakers from organised civil society and EU political institutions, under the EU Research Framework Programme 'High Level Scientific Conferences' scheme.

He was commissioned by the European Parliament Research Service in 2020 for a comparative analysis of mechanisms of bicameral conflict resolution with Gijs Jan Brandma (University of Utrecht) and Christilla Roederer-Rynning (University of Southern Denmark).

Professional Memberships

Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA).

External / Professional Roles

He is a Visiting Professor at the College of Europe, and also teaches at the University of Maastricht (European Public Affairs course) and at the European Online Academy.

He served as an Expert Evaluator for the EU Horizon 2020 Programme on ‘Governance in a Changing World – Inclusive and Reflective Societies.

He is the sole presenter at a dedicated webinar of the European Centre for Public Affairs on ‘Access & Influence: an NGO vs Corporate comparative analysis’ (October 2020), and is the moderator for a European Consortium for Political Research/Standing Group on Interest Groups webinar on the EU Transparency Register (November 2020).

He has served as a co-editor of special issues of the Journal of European Public Policy (2020, issue forthcoming in 2021), the Journal of European Integration (2011), and Parliamentary Affairs (1998)

He is a member of the Editorial Advisory Boards of the journals Politics and GovernanceInterest Groups and Advocacy (Palgrave Macmillan), the Journal of Public Affairs (Wiley), and previously Business & Politics as well as Editor-in-Chief of 'Current Politics and Economics of Europe' from 1997-2002.  He was a plenary speaker at the UACES (University Association for Contemporary European Studies) 45th Annual Conference in 2015 on The Changing European Political Landscape: EU integration and the role of the sub-state.

Professor Greenwood was invited by the joint European Commission/European Parliament working group established to review the Transparency Register to provide expert input following publication of his 2013 article, The European Transparency Register: a vanguard of strong lobby regulation?’ in the journal Interest Groups & Advocacy which attracted a blog exchange between European Commission Vice-President Maroš Šefcovic  (‘Getting it right on transparency’)  and Transparency International’s EU Liaison Office .  The BBC Radio 4 programme series ‘File on 4’ broadcast a programme on ‘Tobacco: the Lobbyists’ on 16.7.2013 used statistics published in the article , as well as subsequent web news coverage.  

He co-organised a Transparency and Accountability day lab with the Transparency International EU Liaison Office in January 2016 examining how these features work in EU institutions, and  was a panellist at the Transparency International EU Office event to launch their EU Integrity System report in April 2014.  He has been a panellist at 3 conference events (2012-14) aimed at supporting the European Citizens' Initiative, co-hosted by EU institutions together with the European Citizen Action Service.

He undertook a review of the EU's participatory democracy practices for the EU-China Trade Project in 2006 (joint initiative of the European Commission and Ministry of Commerce of the PR China), and has been a member of the UK Trade Association Forum annual judging panels for their 'Best Practice' awards for most years since 2002.

He chaired the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Advanced Quantitative Methods Assessment Panel in 2009, having served as a member since 2006. In 2008 he completed a review for the Training and Development Board of the ESRC of their Advanced Quantitative Methods (AQM) Enhanced Stipend scheme, which was used to re-design the rules of the AQM regime. He also served on the 2005 ESRC Major Recognition Exercise Subject Assessment Panel for Politics to assess institutional applications for quality recognition.

He was research coordinator for the Politics and International Studies subject area at RGU from 1997-2016. In the Research Excellence Framework (REF) results of 2014, almost 60% of the publications submitted by the Robert Gordon University to the Politics and International Studies unit of assessment were rated as ‘internationally excellent’ (3*) or higher, a performance which surpassed eighteen ‘pre-1992’ universities, and the top performance in this category in RGU.

He has delivered training for organisations including the International Labour Organisation, the European Commission (then DG RELEX, external relations), the EU engineering association Orgalime, the government of Catalonia, and at the Moscow State University (MGIMO) via a European Commission programme.

He is a member of the European Science Foundation College of Expert Reviewers.


For a complete list see Web of Science

Recent Published Output

i. Single Authored Books:

Greenwood, J (2017) (4th edtn.) Interest Representation in the European Union (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

- 1st edition published in 2003

- Polish language edition published 2005

- 2nd edition published in 2007

- 3rd edition published in 2011

Greenwood, J (2002) Inside the EU Business Associations (Basingstoke,Palgrave).

ii. Articles in refereed journals (since 2000)

Brandsma G, Greenwood J, Ripoll Servent A and Roederer-Rynning C (2021) ‘Inside the Black Box of Trilogues: introduction to the special issue’, Journal of European Public Policy, 28, 1. accepted for publication.

Brandsma G, Greenwood J, Ripoll Servent A and Roederer-Rynning C (2021) ‘Trilogues in Council: Disrupting the Diplomatic Culture?’ Journal of European Public Policy, 28, 1 28, 1, accepted for publication.

Greenwood, J & Roederer-Rynning, C (2020) ‘Organized interests and trilogues in a post-regulatory era of EU policy-making’, Journal of European Public Policy

Roederer-Rynning, C and Greenwood, J (2020) Black Boxes and Open Secrets: Trilogues as 'Politicized Diplomacy', West European Politics 

Greenwood, J and Roederer-Rynning, C (2019) In the Shadow of Public Opinion: the European Parliament, Civil Society Organisations, and the Politicisation of Trilogues, Politics and Governance (7, 3: 316-326)

Greenwood J and Roederer-Rynning C (2019) Power at the expense of diffuse interests?  The European Parliament as a legitimacy-seeking institution, European Politics and Society, 21, 1, 118-136

Greenwood, J (2018) ‘The European Citizens’ Initiative: Bringing the EU closer to its citizens?Comparative European Politics, 17, 6, 940-956.

Roederer-Rynning, C and Greenwood, J (2017) The European Parliament as a developing legislature: coming of age in trilogues? Journal of European Public Policy, 24, 5: 735-754

Greenwood, J and Tuokko, K (2017) ‘The European Citizens’ Initiative: the territorial extension of a European Political Public Sphere?’ European Politics & Society, 18, 2, 166-181

Roederer-Rynning, C and Greenwood, J (2015) The Culture of Trilogues, Journal of European Public Policy, 22, 8: 1148-1165

Greenwood, J & Roederer-Rynning, C (2014) "The 'Europeanization' of the Basel Process: Financial Harmonization between Globalization and Parliamentarization," Regulation & Governance, 9, 4, 335-338.

Greenwood, J (2014) "The thematic networks among regional offices in Brussels: from ‘push and pull’ to ‘people and place,’” Regions & Cohesion, (Berghahn). 4, 3, 1-16

Bouza Garcia, L. and Greenwood, J. (2014) 'The European Citizens’ Initiative: a new sphere of EU politics?' Interest Groups & Advocacy, 3, 246-267

Greenwood, J and Dreger, J (2013) 'The Transparency Register: a strong vanguard of European lobby regulation?Interest Groups & Advocacy, 2, 2, pp139-162

Greenwood, J (2012) 'The European Citizens' Initiative and EU Civil Society Organisations', Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 13, 3, pp325-336

Greenwood, J (2011) 'Actors of the Common Interest? The Brussels offices of the regions', Journal of European Integration 33, 4, pp437-451

Greenwood, J (2011) 'The lobby regulation element of the European Transparency Initiative: between liberal and deliberative models of democracy', Comparative European Politics, 9, 3, pp317-343

Knodt M, Greenwood J and Quittkat C (2011)'Territorial and Functional Interest Representation in EU-Governance', Journal of European Integration 33, 4, pp349-367

Greenwood, J (2007) 'Organised Civil Society and Democratic Legitimacy in the EU', British Journal of Political Science, 37:2, 333-357

Greenwood, J. and Halpin, D. (2007) 'The European Commission and the Public Governance of Interest Groups in the European Union: seeking a niche between accreditation and laissez-faire', Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 8, 2, pp190-211

Greenwood, J (2001/2002) 'EU Public Affairs and the White Paper on
, Journal of Public Affairs, 1.4/2.1, December 2001/January 2002, pp423-435

Greenwood, J and Webster, R (2000) 'The Governability of EU Business
Associations', Journal of European Integration, 23, 1, pp 63-92; preceded by Greenwood, J and Webster, R (2000) 'Are EU Business Associations Governable?'European Integration Online Papers'

iii. Editor or Co-Editor

Greenwood, J (2003) The Challenge of Change in EU Business Associations (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan)
a)introduction (with A Westgeest)
b)outlook (with A Westgeest)

Greenwood, J (2002) The Effectiveness of EU Business Associations (Basingstoke,Palgrave)
a) introduction (with A Westgeest)
b) conclusion (with A Westgeest)

Compston, H and Greenwood, J (2001) Social Partnership in the European Union (Basingstoke, Palgrave)
a) (with Hugh Compston) Conclusion
b) (with Ann Branch) Employers, chapter 2, pp41-70

Greenwood, J. and Jacek, H. (1999) Organised Business and the New Global Order (Basingstoke: Macmillan)
a) Chapter 5 - Organized Business and the European Union, pp 77-98
b) Chapter 15 - Conclusions, pp 241-257

Greenwood, J, and Aspinwall, M. (1997, December) Collective Action in the European Union: Interests and the New Politics of Associability, London, Routledge. Two chapter contributions:
a) Chapter 1: Conceptualising Collective Action in the European Union: An Introduction (with Mark Aspinwall), pp 1-30
b) Chapter 6: The Professions, pp 136-148

iv. Book Chapters contributed to collections edited by others (since 2000)

Greenwood, J (2019) ‘Interest Organizations and European Union Politics’ in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, Oxford University Press. doi:

Greenwood, J (2019) ‘Interest Representation in the EU: An Open and Structured Dialogue’, in D. Dialer and M. Richter (eds.) Lobbying in the European Union: Strategies, Dynamics and Trends (Cham: Springer), pp.21-32

Greenwood, J and Roederer-Rynning, C (2019) ‘Taming Trilogues: The EU’s Law-Making Process in a Comparative Perspective’, in O.Costa (eds.) The European Parliament in Times of EU Crisis (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

Greenwood, J (2018) ‘NGOs in the European Union’ in A Kellow and H Murphy-Gregory (eds.) Handbook of Research on NGOs (Cheltenham, Edward Elgar)

Bouza Garcia, L. & Greenwood, J. (2016) ‘Bridging the Gap? Opportunities and Constraints of the European Citizens’ Initiative’, in M Conrad A Knaut and K Böttger (eds.) Bridging the Gap? Opportunities & Constraints of the European Citizens’ Initiative (Nomos: Baden-Baden) pp.149-168.

Greenwood, J (2015) ‘Civil Dialogue And The Citizens' Initiative: Accounting For Collaboration And Competition Using The Advocacy Coalition Framework And The Strategic Action Field’, in Hakan Johansson and Sarah Kalm (eds) EU Civil SocietyPatterns of Cooperation, Competition and Conflict. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, chapter 11.

Greenwood, J (2014) ‘Interest Groups and Patterns of Lobbying in Brussels’, in J Magone (ed.) Handbook of European Politics (London: Routledge), chapter 43, pp797-809.

Greenwood,J (2014) The European Commission: master of the information universe? in T Blom & S Vanhoonacker (eds.) The Politics of Information: the case of the European Union, Palgrave Macmillan, pp111-126.

Greenwood, J (2010) Regulating NGO Participation in the EU; a de-facto Accreditation system built on 'Representativeness', in J Steffek and K Hahn (eds.)Evaluating Transnational NGOs (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), chapter 9.

Greenwood, J (2008) 'Institutions and Civil Society Organizations in the EU's Multi-Level System', in Jutta Joaquim and Birgit Locher (eds.) Transnational Activism in the UN and EU (London: Routledge), ch.7

Greenwood, J (2007) 'Organized Civil Society interests in the EU, input legitimacy, and Multi-level Governance', in J de Bardeleben and A Hurrelman (ed.) Democratic Dilemmas of Multi-level Governance: Accountability and Legitimacy in the European Union (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

Greenwood, J (2007) 'EU governance and EU level organised civil society: the search for 'input legitimacy' through elite groups', in C Ruzza and V Della Sala (eds.) (2007) Governance and Civil Society in the EU (Manchester: Manchester U P), chapter 3

Greenwood, J with Traxler, F (2007) 'Associations of SMEs: The United Kingdom',scheduled for publication in F Traxler & G Huemer (eds.), National Preparations for EU Social Partnership (London: Routledge), pp315-348

Greenwood, J and Young, A (2005) 'EU Interest Representation or US Lobbying',in C Parsons and N Jabko (eds.) With US or Against US? The State of the European Union, vol 7 (Oxford: Oxford U P), pp275-298

Greenwood, J (2003) 'Trade Associations and the New Activism' in S John and S Thomson (eds.) New Activism and the Corporate Response (Basingstoke:Palgrave Macmillan), pp 49-66

Greenwood, J (2003) 'Advocacy, Influence and Persuasion: Has it All Been Overdone?', in Warleigh, A and Fairbrass, J (eds.) Influence and Interests in the EU, (London: Europa/Routledge), pp 19-34

Greenwood, J (2002) 'Electricity Liberalisation', in Pedler, R (eds.) Lobbying the European Union: Issues and Case Studies, London (Basingstoke: Palgrave), pp 269-296

Greenwood, J (2002) 'EU Interest Groups and their Members: when is membership a 'collective action problem'?, in Wright V, Balme R and Chabanet D (eds) Collective Action and European Integration (Oxford, Oxford University Press), pp 227-254.

Publications before 2000

Journal articles published include items in the European Journal of Political Research, West European Politics, Political Studies, Journal of Common Market Studies, European Urban and Regional Studies, Government & Policy, Parliamentary Affairs, Journal of Communications Management, International Journal of Public Administration, American Behavioural Scientist, Environment & Planning; and editorship/co-editorship of book titles published by Macmillan, Routledge, & Sage.