Profile

Amar Bennadji
Title: Dr
First Name: Amar
Surname: Bennadji
Position: Lecturer, Researcher
Telephone: +44 (0)1224 263609
Email:
Linkedin: LinkedIn Icon https://uk.linkedin.com/pub/bennadji-amar/1/964/885
ORCID: ORCID Icon http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9359-4500

Dr Amar Bennadji is an experienced researcher in the areas of environmental design, energy consumption control and building performance and visualisation. Amar is involved in the research community through conferences and journal papers. His work has been widely published and acknowledged nationally and internationally through a variety of awards including the Scottish Saltire award for Innovation in Housing, the International Award for Innovation and Research from The Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB) and other academic awards for visualisation in the Built Environment at Design festivals in Japan.

He focuses his research on existing and historic buildings and the ways to improve their energy efficiency. The hard to treat buildings were an interesting investigation for him and he developed a method to insulate historic buildings while keeping their original features. In collaboration with a Canadian manufacturer of a water based and breathable insulation material he achieved a reduction of 57% in the energy consumption of a 250 year old building. His group of PhD research students are carrying out research work on a wider scale in the aim of tackling CO2 reduction by understanding how to improve the efficiency of old building stock.

Under Amar’s leadership, the MSc Property Development (Distance Learning) course ranked 43rd in the world out of 4000 master courses according to the “EdUniversal Best Masters Ranking”.

As an international coordinator, Amar contributed to the expansion of the School’s exchange activities with various partner institutions.

Believing in the internationalisation of the University, Amar’s students entered International design competitions and secured an award for RGU for their design of Tokyo 2020’s Olympic Village in 2016.

More recently one example of his work was a finalist for the Scottish Energy Efficiency Award & Healthy Home Award.

Duties and Responsibilities

Academic Background

  • PGCert, Higher Education in Learning and Teaching, 2005 
  • PhD, Humane Geography and Bio-climatic Architecture, 1999
  • MSc, Bio-climatic Architecture, 1994.
  • MSc, Civilisations studies, 1994.
  • Architect d'Etat, 1992.
  • Baccalaureate in Technical Mathematics, 1987

Research Interests

Architecture and Built Environment related: Energy conservation, retrofitting, CAD, Virtual Reality

Funding

1997

Pedestrian thermal comfort in historic and contemporary Mediterranean urban fabric. laboratoire ABC, Marseille. FF400k, Research Assistant.

2000

Friendly Interface and data transfer for engineering assessment of building design option at sketch design stage, DTI, £195, Research Associate.

2005

WREC (World Renewable Energy Congress), £175k, Topic Leader.

2010

Principal Investigator on innovative insulation process research project, £35k, Principal investigator. CIC Start, Scottish Government funded.

ASCAAD 2010 Conference Chair: CAAD | CITIES | SUSTAINABILITY ASCAAD 5th International Conference, 19-21 October 2010, held in Morocco at the “Ecole National D’Architecture de Fès” [National School of Architecture], £10K

2011

Hydrothermal performance £10k, Grampian housing Association – co-investigator. 

2012

KTP, Moisture Migration in solid granite wall, £132k, Grampian housing Association, co-investigator.

Consultancy, hydrothermal performance of buildings, Aberdeenshire council, £5k co-investigator. 

Publications

Journals, Theses and Books

  1. SEDDIKI, M., BENNADJI, A. and TEHAMI, M. [2020]. Barriers to the adoption of energy efficiency measures in Mostaganem, Algeria. Journal of construction in developing countries [online], (forthcoming). Available from: http://web.usm.my/jcdc/earlyView/JCDC%20Early%20View_MohammedSeddiki.pdf
  2. SEDDIKI, M. and BENNADJI, A. 2019. Multi-criteria evaluation of renewable energy alternatives for electricity generation in a residential building. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews [online], 110, pages 101-117. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.04.046
  3. FARDOUS, I.S. and BENNADJI, A. 2019. Impact of technology and innovation on adaptation of architectonic tradition for a sustainable future in the Middle East. Journal of civil engineering and architecture [online], 13(4), pages 273-281. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17265/1934-7359/2019.04.007
  4. SARAOUI, S., BELAKEHAL, A., ATTAR, A. and BENNADJI, A. 2018. Evaluation of the thermal comfort in the design of the museum routes: the thermal topology. Journal of contemporary urban affairs [online], 2(3), pages 122-136. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2018.4727
  5. ZIANI, A., BELAKEHAL, A. and BENNADJI, A. 2018. Essai de restitution des ambiances lumineuses de la medersa merinide d'El Eubbad a Tlemcen, Algerie. Courrier du savoir [online], 26, pages 289-300. Available from: http://revues.univ-biskra.dz/index.php/cds/article/view/3944
  6. SARAOUI, S., BELAKEHAL, A., BENNADJI, A. and ATTAR, A. 2018. Spatial-sound topology of the museum's architectural space. Courrier du savoir [online], 26, pages 571-584. Available from: http://revues.univ-biskra.dz/index.php/cds/article/view/3980
  7. ZINEDDINE, S., BELAKEHAL, A. and BENNADJI, A. 2018. Evaluation of the thermal environment in architecture hotel of Fernand Pouillon: case of the Ziban Hotel in Biskra = Évaluation des ambiances thermiques dans l'architecture hôtelière de Fernand Pouillon. Cas de l'hôtel des Zibans à Biskra. Journal of applied engineering science and technology [online], 4(2), pages 143-148. Available from: http://revues.univ-biskra.dz/index.php/jaest/article/view/3889
  8. SEDDIKI, M., ANOUCHE, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2018. Integrated FAHP-FPROMETHEE for thermal insulation of masonry buildings. Facilities [online], 36(3/4), pages 195-211. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1108/F-05-2016-0057
  9. MEZERDI, T., BELAKEHAL, A. and BENNADJI, A. 2017. Évaluations du confort lumineux et thermique dans un espace de bureau 'transparent' à simple et double vitrage sous un ciel clair ensoleillé. = [Evaluation of the luminous and thermal comfort in a 'transparent' office space with single and double-glazing under a sunny clear sky]. Journal of applied engineering science and technology [online], 3(2), pages 97-103. Available from: http://revues.univ-biskra.dz/index.php/jaest/article/view/3862
  10. SEDDIKI, M., ANOUCHE, K., BENNADJI, A. and BOATENG, P. 2016. A multi-criteria group decision-making method for the thermal renovation of masonry buildings: the case of Algeria. Energy and buildings [online], 129, pages 471-483. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.08.023
  11. WAFIA, M., AZEDDINE, B. and BENNADJI, A. 2016. Bilateral central core and an expernal envelope and its impact on the thermal envelope and its impact on the thermal behaviour of individual self-construction housing in the city of Biskra. Procedia environmental sciences [online], 34, pages 328-335. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2016.04.029
  12. SEDDIKI, M., ANOUCHE, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2016. Evaluation multicritère pour la rénovation thermique des bâtiments en maçonnerie. Revue des energies renouvelables [online], 19(1), pages 29-40. Available from: http://www.cder.dz/spip.php?article2893
  13. BENNADJI, A., LAING, R. and GRAY, D. 2015. Urban planning and climate change mitigation: using virtual reality to support the design of a university master plan extension. In Silva, C.N. (ed.) Emerging issues, challenges, and opportunities in urban e-planning. Hershey, PA: IGI Global [online], chapter 10, pages 210-229. Available from https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8150-7.ch010
  14. HERRERA GUTIERREZ-AVELLANOSA, D. and BENNADJI, A. 2015. Analysis of indoor climate and occupants' behaviour in traditional Scottish dwellings. Energy procedia [online], 78: Proceedings of the 6th international building physics conference (IBPC 2015), 14-17 June 2015, Torino, Italy, pages 639-644. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.11.046
  15. FARDOUS, I.S. and BENNADJI, A. 2015. Technology and innovation in adapting architectonic tradition aiming for a sustainable future in the Middle East. Bulletin of people-environmental studies [online] 43, pages 28-33. Available from: http://issuu.com/iaps-association/docs/bulletin_43_issuu
  16. ABDEL-WAHAB, M. and BENNADJI, A. 2013. Skills development for retrofitting a historic listed building in Scotland. International journal of low-carbon technologies [online], 10(4), pages 347-353. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/ctt043
  17. BUDA, G., TAYLOR, B. and BENNADJI, A. 2013. The nature of mass masonry granite walling and the potential for retrofit internal wall insulation strategies. Journal of building survey, appraisal and valuation [online], 2(1), pages 36-43. Available from: https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/hsp/jbsav/2013/00000002/00000001/art00005
  18. LAING, R., BENNADJI, A. and  GRAY, D. 2013. Traffic control and CO2 reduction: utilisation of virtual modelling within university estates master planning. International journal of e-planning research [online], 2(1), pages 43-57. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4018/ijepr.2013010103
  19. BENNADJI, A., ABDEL-WAHAB, M., LEVIE, M.C. and CHOUMAN, D. 2012. Testing of a method for insulation of masonry and lath walls in existing domestic Scottish construction. Glasgow: CIC Start Online [online], FS24. Available from http://www.cicstart.org/content/home/1,1,290/FS24Testingofamethodforinsulationofmasonryandlathwalls.html
  20. BENNADJI, A. 2006. Adaptation climatique ou culturelles en zones arides: cas du Sud-Est Algerien. [Re-published PhD Thesis]. Villeneuve d'Ascq: Atelier national de reproduction des thèses.
  21. BOUCHLAGHEM, N.M., HOLMES, M., LOVEDAY, D. and BENNADJI, A. 2005. Engineering assessment made easy: the 'Energysave' approach. In Lee, A., Wu, S., MarshallPonting, A.J., Aouad, G., Cooper, R., Tah, J.H.M., Abbott, C. and Barrett, P.S. (eds.) nD modelling roadmap: a vision for nD-enabled construction. Salford: University of Salford, School of the Built Environment, pages 62-69.
  22. BOUCHLAGHEM, N.B., HOLMES, M., LOVEDAY, D. and BENNADJI, A. 2005. The engineering dimension of nD modelling: performance assessment at conceptual design stage. Journal of information technology in construction [online], 10, pages 17-25. Available from: https://itcon.org/paper/2005/3
  23. BELAKEHAL, A. TABET AOUL, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2004. Sunlighting and daylighting strategies in the traditional urban spaces and buildings of the hot arid regions. Renewable energy [online], 29(5), pages 687-702. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2003.09.001
  24. BENNADJI, A. 2003. Adaptation climatique ou culturelles en zones arides: cas du Sud-Est Algerien. [Published PhD Thesis]. Villeneuve d'Ascq: Les Presses Universitaires de Septentrion.
  25. BENNADJI, A. 1999. Adaptation climatique ou culturelles en zones arides: cas du Sud-Est Algerien. Université d'Aix-en-Provence, et École supérieure d'architecture et d'urbanisme, PhD thesis.
  26. BENNADJI, A. 1994. Abaques graphique des écrans solaire. École nationale supérieure d'architecture de Marseille, MSc thesis.
  27. BENNADJI, A. 1994. Les bimaristan. Université d'Aix-Marseille I, MSc thesis.

Conference Communications

  1. HERRERA, D. and BENNADJI, A. 2013. A risk based methodology to assess the energy efficiency improvements in traditionally constructed buildings. In Grussenmeyer, P. (ed.) Proceedings of the 24th International Comité International de la Photogrammétrie Architecturale (CIPA) symposium, 2-6 September 2013, Strasbourg, France. International archives of the photogrammetry, remote sensing and spatial information sciences, XL-5/W2. Göttingen: Copernicus Publications [online], pages 337-342. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-5-W2-337-2013
  2. BENNADJI, A. 2013. Visual documentation process of historic building refurbishment: improving energy efficiency by insulating wall cavity. In Grussenmeyer, P. (ed.) Proceedings of the 24th International Comité International de la Photogrammétrie Architecturale (CIPA) symposium, 2-6 September 2013, Strasbourg, France. International archives of the photogrammetry, remote sensing and spatial information sciences, XL-5/W2. Göttingen: Copernicus Publications [online], pages 91-96. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-5-W2-91-2013
  3. BENNADJI, A. and HERRERA, D. 2013. Renewable energies: ambiguities and selection criteria in the built environment. Presented at the Energetica place making conference, 25 June 2013, Aberdeen, UK.
  4. HERRERA, D. and BENNADJI, A. 2013. Combining retrofit and renewable energies to meet current building standards. Presented at the Energetica place making conference, 25 June 2013, Aberdeen, UK.
  5. HERRERA GUTIÉRREZ-AVELLANOSA, D. and BENNADJI, A. 2013. Energy efficiency improvements in historic buildings: developing an assessment methodology for the Scottish built heritage. Presented at Reuso 2013: congreso internacional sobre documentación, conservación y reutilización del patrimonio arquitectónico, 20-22 June 2013, Madrid, Spain.
  6. BENNADJI, A. and HERRERA, D. 2013. Decision making criteria in adopting renewable energies in the built environment. Presented at the All-Energy exhibition and conference 2013, 22-23 May 2013, Aberdeen, UK.
  7. HERRERA, D. and BENNADJI, A. 2013. Energy efficient homes: implementation of renewable energies in retrofitted buildings. Presented at the All-Energy exhibition and conference 2013, 22-23 May 2013, Aberdeen, UK.
  8. BENNADJI, A. 2012. Insulation of masonry and lath walls in existing domestic Scottish construction. Presented at the 13th CIC Start Online webinar, 13 January 2012, Glasgow, UK. Available from: https://youtu.be/iz-Yyo7K0Ck
  9. BENNADJI, A. 2011. Master planning process that includes daylight and colours as a determinant: the case of the new master plan of the Robert Gordon University. Presented at the 2011 National lighting congress of the Turkish National Lighting Committee (ATMK 8), April 2011, Istanbul, Turkey.
  10. BELAKEHAL, A., TABET AOUL, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2011. Colours in office buildings under a clear sunny sky: the occupants' point of view. Presented at the 2011 National lighting congress of the Turkish National Lighting Committee (ATMK 8), April 2011, Istanbul, Turkey.
  11. BENNADJI, A., SIDAWI, B. and REFFAT, R.M. (eds.) 2010. Proceedings of the 5th ASCAAD conference (ASCAAD2010): CAAD, cities, sustainability, 19-21 October 2010, Fez, Morocco. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University.
  12. BENNADJI, A. 2010. Energy conservation improvement in British existing buildings: case of granite traditional constructions. In Abdo, A.M.A. and Akash, B.A. (eds.) Proceedings of the International engineering conference on hot arid regions (IECHAR-2010): challenges, technologies and opportunities, 1-2 March 2010, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Al-Ahsa: King Faisal University.
  13. BELAKEHAL, A., BENNADJI, A. and TABET AOUL, K. 2010. Office buildings' daylighting design in hot arid regions: forms, codes and occupants' point of view. In Abdo, A.M.A. and Akash, B.A. (eds.) Proceedings of the International engineering conference on hot arid regions (IECHAR-2010): challenges, technologies and opportunities, 1-2 March 2010, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Al-Ahsa: King Faisal University, pages 343-347.
  14. BELAKEHAL, A., BENNADJI, A. and TABET AOUL, K. 2009. From words to ambience: towards an architectural daylighting design based on users' perceptions and behaviours. Presented at the 11th European lighting conference (LuxEuropa 2009), 9-11 September 2009, Istanbul, Turkey.
  15. BENNADJI, A., SCOTT, J. and TAYLOR, B. 2009. Energy conservation improvement of the existing building park, constraints and challenges: case of granite traditional constructions in the United Kingdom. In Demers, C.M.H. and Potvin, A. (eds.) Proceedings of the 26th Passive low energy architecture international conference (PLEA 2009): architecture, energy and the occupant's perspective, 22-24 June 2009, Quebec City, Canada. Boisbriand: Presses de l'Université Laval [online], paper number 3.2.6. Available from: http://www.plea2009.arc.ulaval.ca/Papers/3.IMPLEMENTATION/3.2%20Integration%20and%20certification%20tools/ORAL/3-2-06-PLEA2009Quebec.pdf
  16. BELAKEHAL, A., BENNADJI, A. and TABET AOUL, K. 2009. Towards an occupant based conceptual model: case of the natural luminous ambience. In Demers, C.M.H. and Potvin, A. (eds.) Proceedings of the 26th Passive low energy architecture international conference (PLEA 2009): architecture, energy and the occupant's perspective, 22-24 June 2009, Quebec City, Canada. Boisbriand: Presses de l'Université Laval [online], paper number 2.1.7. Available from: http://www.plea2009.arc.ulaval.ca/Papers/2.STRATEGIES/2.1%20Daylighting/ORAL/2-1-07-PLEA2009Quebec.pdf
  17. BENNADJI, A., SCOTT, J. and  TAYLOR, B. 2009. Existing housing stock in the UK and the thermal insulation challenge. Presented at the Aberdeen Research Consortium (ARC) awareness day on environmental change, 12 May 2009, Aberdeen, UK.
  18. BELAKEHAL, A., BENNADJI, A. and TABET AOUL, K. 2008. La lumière naturelle et le confort à travers les représentations de l’architecture tertiaire: cas du bâtiment de la Caisse Nationale d’Assurance Sociale à Biskra. Presented at the 3rd Biskra architecture and sustainability conference (BASC 2008): strategies and perspectives, 8-10 April 2008, Biskra, Algeria.
  19. BENNADJI, A. and BELAKEHAL, A. 2006. People-environmental adaptation to new buildings in hot climatic zones. Presented at the 19th International Association for People-Environment Studies conference (IAPS 2006): environment, health and sustainable development, 11-16 September 2006, Alexandria, Egypt.
  20. BENNADJI, A. and BELAKEHAL, A. 2006. Evaluation of a higher education self-learning interface. In Al-Qawasmi, J. and Mallasi, Z. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2nd International conference of the Arab Society for Computer-Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2006): computing in architecture: re-thinking the discourse, 25-27 April 2006, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Sharjah: ASCAAD [online], pages 408-421. Available from: http://www.ascaad.org/conference/2006/proceedings.php
  21. BENNADJI, A., AHRIZ, H. and BELAKEHAL, A. 2005. An online collaborative tool for sustainable design. In Imbabi, M.S. and Mitchell, C.P. (eds.) Renewable energy, technology, innovation and the environment: proceedings of the 2005 Regional meeting of the World Renewable Energy Congress (WREC 2005): innovation in Europe, 22-27 May 2005, Aberdeen, UK. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  22. BENNADJI, A. and AHRIZ, H. 2005. Online computer-aided sustainable design. In Imbabi, M.S. and Mitchell, C.P. (eds.) Renewable energy, technology, innovation and the environment: proceedings of the 2005 Regional meeting of the World Renewable Energy Congress (WREC 2005): innovation in Europe, 22-27 May 2005, Aberdeen, UK. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  23. BENNADJI, A., BELAKEHAL, A. and TABET AOUL, K. 2005. Office occupants' appreciation of window size under a clear sunny sky: towards an efficient building regulation. In Imbabi, M.S. and Mitchell, C.P. (eds.) Renewable energy, technology, innovation and the environment: proceedings of the 2005 Regional meeting of the World Renewable Energy Congress (WREC 2005): innovation in Europe, 22-27 May 2005, Aberdeen, UK. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  24. BELAKEHAL, A., TABET AOUL, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2004. Occupants and daylight in office buildings under sunny skies. In Ellis, R. and Bell, M. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2004 International construction and building research conference (COBRA 2004), 7-8 September 2004, Leeds, UK. London: RICS Foundation.
  25. BENNADJI, A., AHRIZ, H. and ALASTAIR, P. 2005. Computer aided sustainable design. In Proceedings of the 1st International Arab Society for Computer Aided Architecrual Design (ASCAAD) conference on computer aided architectural design(ASCAAD 2005); e-design in architecure, 22-24 February 2005, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Dhahran: ASCAAD [online], pages 125-135. Available from: http://www.ascaad.org/conference/2004/proceedings.php
  26. BELAKEHAL, A., TABET AOUL, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2004. Femme, lumière et espace: cas de l’habitat collectif à Biskra, Algérie. Presented at Usages et appropriation de l’espace: entre pratiques et régulations, 20-21 April 2004, Annaba, Algeria.
  27. BELAKEHAL, A., TABET AOUL, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2003. The impact of sunlight and daylight on the dwelling's occupancy: case of the hot dry regions of Algeria. In Craig, T. (ed.) Proceedings of the 3rd Conference of the Environmental Psychology in the UK (EPUK) Network, 23-25 June 2003, Aberdeen, UK. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University [online], pages 56-63. Available from: https://iaps.architexturez.net/system/files/pdf/dc6d.content.08957.pdf
  28. BELAKEHAL, A., TABET AOUL, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2003. An evaluation method for daylighting quality in buildings under clear sunny skies. In Craig, T. (ed.) Proceedings of the 3rd Conference of the Environmental Psychology in the UK (EPUK) Network, 23-25 June 2003, Aberdeen, UK. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University, pages 70-79.
  29. BELAKEHAL, A., TABET AOUL, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2003. A daylighting evaluation in offices under clear sunny skies. Presented at the 2003 Passive and low energy architecture conference (PLEA 2003): rethinking development: are we producing a people-oriented habitat? 9-12 November 2003, Santiago, Chile.
  30. BELAKEHAL, A., TABET AOUL, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2002. Sunlight and dwellers' emotions towards home: a phenomenological approach. In Proceedings of the 2002 Light and lighting conference: comfort and efficiency within interior and exterior lighting systems, 28-30 November 2002, Bucharest, Romania. Bucharest: Comitetul National Roman de Iluminat (CNRI), pages 35-42.
  31. BENNADJI, A., BOUCHLAGHEM, N.M., LOVEDAY, D., HOLMES, M., SHAFFERY, J., VAN ZYL, R. and HALLAM, A. 2002. EnergySave: friendly interface and data transfer for engineering assessment of building design options at sketch design stage. In Anson, M., Ko, J.M. and Lam, E.S.S. (eds.) Advances in building technology: proceedings of the International conference on advances in building technology, 4-6 December 2002, Hong Kong, China. Amsterdam: Elsevier [online], volume II, pages 1209-1215. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008044100-9/50150-9
  32. BELAKEHAL, A., TABET AOUL, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2001. Sunlight in the traditional dwellings of Algeria. In Ünver, R., Öztürk, L.D. and Yener, A.K. (eds.) Proceedings of the International lighting congress, 12-14 September 2001, Istanbul, Turkey. Istanbul: Turkish National Committee on Illumination (ATMK), volume 1, pages 118-125.
  33. BENNADJI, A., BOUCHLAGHEM, N.M., LOVEDAY, D.L., HOLMES, M., MITCHELL, K.T. and VAN ZYL, R. 2001. Engineering assessment of building design options at sketch design stage. In Ruttkay Pereira, F.O. (ed.) Renewable energy for a sustainable development of the built environment: proceedings of the 18th International conference on passive and low energy architecture (PLEA 2001), 7-9 November 2001, Florianópolis, Brazil. Florianópolis: PLEA International, pages 931-937.
  34. BELAKEHAL, A., TABET AOUL, K. and BENNADJI, A. 2000. Sunlight and daylight in the traditional built environment: case of the hot arid regions. In Sayigh, A.A.M. (ed.) Renewables: the energy for the 21st century: proceedings of the 6th World renewable energy congress (WREC VI), 1-7 July 2000, Brighton, UK. Oxford: Pergamon Press [online], chapter 123, pages 624-627. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-008043865-8/50123-9
  35. BENNADJI, A., IZARD, J.L. and CÔTE, M. 1999. An experience of adaptation to climate throughout time. In Szokolay, S.V. (ed.) Sustaining the future: energy, ecology, architecture: proceedings of the 16th International passive and low energy architecture conference (PLEA 1999), 22-24 September, Brisbane, Australia. Brisbane: PLEA International.
  36. BENNADJI, A., IZARD, J.L. and CÔTE, M. 1999. L'adaptation microclimatique dans l'architecture traditionnelle et sa reprise par l'architecture contemporaine: des expériences à encourager. In Bernier, M.A. (ed.) Thermique des systèmes à température modérée: proceedings of the 4th French-Quebecois interuniversity colloquium (IVe colloque interuniversitaire franco-québécois), 25-27 May 1999, Montreal, Canada. Montreal: École Polytechnique de Montréal, pages 237-242.
  37. BENNADJI, A., IZARD, J.L. and CÔTE, M. 1999. Strategies of climatic adaptation through time. Presented at the 15th International congress of biometeorology and international conference on urban climatology (ICB-ICUC 1999), 8-12 November 1999, Sydney, Australia.
  38. BENNADJI, A., IZARD, J.L. and CÔTE, M. 1998. Building climatic performances in arid zones. In Maldonado, E. and Yannas, S. (eds.) Environmentally friendly cities: proceedings of the 15th Passive and low energy architecture conference (PLEA 1998), June 1998, Lisbon, Portugal. London: James and James [online], pages 225-228. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315073712
  39. BENNADJI, A., IZARD, J.L. and CÔTE, M. 1998. Microclimate urban adaptation in hot countries. In Guarracino, G. (ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd European conference on energy performance and indoor climate in buildings (EPIC 1998), co-located with the 3rd International conference on indoor air quality, ventilation and energy conservation in buildings, 19-21 November 1998, Lyon, France. Lyon: École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État.
  40. BENNADJI, A., IZARD, J.L. and CÔTE, M. 1998. Architecture in Mediterranean space. In Guarracino, G. (ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd European conference on energy performance and indoor climate in buildings (EPIC 1998), co-located with the 3rd International conference on indoor air quality, ventilation and energy conservation in buildings, 19-21 November 1998, Lyon, France. Lyon: École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État.
  41. BENNADJI, A. and IZARD, J.L. 1997. Solar protection by architectural masque: the flank case for Algeria. Presented at the 1997 National seminar of architecture, 1997, Biskra, Algeria.
  42. BENNADJI, A., CÔTE, M. and IZARD, J.L. 1997. Urban microclimate in arid zones. Presented at the 1997 National seminar of architecture, 1997, Biskra, Algeria.
  43. BENNADJI, A. and IZARD, J.L. 1995. Solar screen tools. Presented at the European workshop: lessons of environment mastery in architecture, 1995, Toulouse, France.